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A 2-day Occupational Health and Safety Forum
The Forum's Title: New Strategies for Recognizing and Preventing Occupational Disease
March 3 & 4, 2005
Toronto, Canada
Forum Survey's - Add Your Voice

Poster Session 6
The Health Problems and Health Knowledge of the Laborers in Three Textile Factories Located in the South of Tehran - IRAN
Presented by:Dr. S.A.A Jafari Mousavi
The main purpose of this research is determining occupational health knowledge of labors working in three textile factories and its relation to sex literacy, length of employment, and number of absenteeism days due to illness or occupational accidents. Another purpose is to study occupational health problems in the above mentioned factories.
The "experimental design" for determining occupational health knowledge and "survey" method for studying occupational health problems in three textile factories was used. 404 workers were selected by random sampling out of 5990 total workers. The level of occupational health knowledge was determined by a questionnaire along with interview. The hypotheses are the following results were concluded:
1. Occupational health knowledge:
For statistical analyze of the data x2 and z test were used.
1.1There is no significant difference between the level of occupational health knowledge of the workers in these three textile factories.
1.2The level of occupational health knowledge of the workers in these three textile factories has a normal distribution. Therefore ` the questionnaire was able to measure the amount of occupational health knowledge.
1.3The sexuality of studied population is related to the worker ` occupational health knowledge, the level of occupational health knowledge is not equal in men and women.
1.4The workers occupational health knowledge is related to their literacy. A more literate worker has more information about occupational health matters.
1.5There is a statistical significant difference between the number of occupational accidents occurred in there factories. With a 99% confidence it cannot be accepted that the differences between the three factories are not happened accidentally.
1.6The length of employment does not have any infect in increasing occupational health knowledge of the investigated workers. This finding is in opposite of the investigators' expectation.
1.7The workers with higher level of occupational knowledge are less confined to bed due to occupational accidents and have less absenteeism days.
1.8The workers with higher level of occupational health knowledge are less confined to bed due to illness and have less absenteeism days.
2. Occupational health problems of the workers in three investigated factories:
 The occupational and environmental health condition in three investigated textile factories was surveyed and the following problems were found: Unhealthy distribution of drinking water, non-hygienic repelling of superfluous and waste matters, presence of rodents, shortage of hygienic facilities, lack and facilities, shortage of industrial safely and fire distinguishing facilities, noise pollution, unsuitable lignite, excessive dusts, humidity and heat, and work shift.
Dr. S.A.A Jafari Mousavi
Associate Professor
Jundi-Shaapour University of Medical Sciences
Iran. Ahvaz

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